As the ripple of COVID-19 careens around the globe, it is forcing humankind to innovate and change the way we work and live. The upside of where we find ourselves right now is that individuals and corporations will be more resilient in a post-COVID-19 world.
Most consumers used to eat for psychological functions such as taste and socialising. From now on, though, they will be more aware of nutrition and health. They must make sure that all ingredients are up to standards of safety and hygiene.
Director-General of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Qu Dongyu, while addressing the Agriculture Ministers of the G20 countries said “Preserving access to safe food and nutrition is an essential part of the health response”, recommending countries to strengthen local production and shorten food supply chains. New business models are needed. It is the time to speed-up e-commerce in agriculture and food systems across the globe.
COVI+D-19 is something that will shape consumer attitudes and behaviour considerably over the next 12 months and beyond. One way in which this will occur is through risk avoidance, as consumers look to minimise uncertainty in their life. This is something that will have a profound impact on shopping habits, as consumers look to make budgets go further whilst seeking out trustworthy brands, as well as looking out for products that minimise the risk of illness.
COVID-19 is something that will also result in more consumers questioning their own health and their vulnerability to illness. In 2019, FMCG experts conducted an immunity survey across the globe that found 25 percent of consumers believed that they have a poor immune system. Moreover, 53 percent said that they had looked to make changes to their diets and lifestyles in the previous two years to boost their immunity. Again, these attitudes will intensify over the next twelve months and beyond, with consumers seeking out products that contain functional ingredients more regularly. When it comes to such products, affordability will be crucial.
Ultimately, the desire to make finances go further and improve health in order to minimise vulnerability to disease can be linked to the concept of risk avoidance. As such, consumers will increasingly look to turn to products that they associate with trust, safety, and health in 2020 and beyond.
Because of the coronavirus, people have started to pay more attention to their diet and health, People now are more afraid of getting sick.
More people are turning to vitamins and supplements to try and stay healthy; a trend that has been steadily rising as the supplement industry approaches the $50 billion mark. Immune formulas like vitamin C or elderberry always rise and fall during the flu season but COVID-19 represents a greater need to stay healthy year-round. COVID-19 is also a global concern; an existential threat that can get people thinking seriously about how to better manage their health naturally.
Beyond immunity, what other health benefits will consumers include in their daily routine? Even now, performance nutrition supplement purchases continue to rise (SPINS, 2020) and continue to confirm consumer’s desires to stay healthy, active, and independent for as long as possible. It is a trend that will most likely gain traction as consumers become more DIY health oriented.
Moringa provides even more support now and for the post-COVID-19 supplement landscape
The antioxidant potential of moringa and its ability to modulate inflammatory pathways underscores its potential as an adjunct to recovery
COVID-19 will have a lasting impression on how consumers view wellness and supplements. And, beyond immunity, performance nutrition in on the rise. Supplements are quickly catching up to consumers’ needs to stay active and recover quickly and Moringa’s multifunctional products/ingredient address the needs of anyone who wants to continue their path to health beyond COVID-19.
Understanding the powerful role that nutrition plays in health — especially immune health — is vital right now. What we feed our bodies also feeds the systems that compose our bodies. We hope to provide some “best moringa package”here, while also delving into the food science of immunity-boosting foods like moringa. That is why we are making it easier to grow, harvest, process and incorporate nutrient-dense foods, like moringa. we believe in the abundant power, potency, and health properties of moringa,
This article hopes to shed light into some of the beneficial properties of moringa, and how they correlate with immune health, while also acknowledging the need for long-term healthy habits. While food is one of the best forms of medicine, this article does not constitute medical advice — and the information within is not claiming to be a cure or remedy for COVID-19, a virus that can lead to severe acute respiratory syndrome, heavily impacting the lungs.
Obesity and chronic metabolic disease are killing COVID -19 patients. It is well known in the medical literature that excess body fat induces immune dysregulation and chronic inflammation which is causally linked to the cytokine storm that is responsible for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome seen in influenza and other respiratory viruses.
A recent commentary In Nature states that “patients with type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome might have to up 10 times greater risk of death when they contract COVID-19” and has called for mandatory glucose and metabolic control of type 2 diabetes patients to improve outcomes. The authors also suggest making this a priority in ALL patients with COVID 19 will be beneficial.
COVID-19 is not primarily a metabolic disease, but metabolic control of glucose, lipid levels and blood pressure are key in these patients. This approach is important to address the well-established metabolic and cardiovascular complications of this primary comorbidity. Moreover, effective control of these metabolic parameters might represent a specific and mechanistic approach to prevent and ameliorate the acute effects of this virus by reducing the local inflammatory response and blocking its entry into cells.
Since the inception of human civilization man has been searching for food which can keep him healthy and active. In this modern era of research and technology this futile search continues to discover novel herbal drugs and alternate source of nutritional supplements. One such promising tree which has successfully cleared all the tests of nutritional benefits, medicinal properties, environmental and consumption safety is the perennial, multipurpose, softwood-tree ‘Moringa oleifera’ of the monogeneric family Moringaceae. It is a native to India and is cultivated worldwide owing to its numerous utilities
Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae), a ‘miracle tree’ is grown in many countries of tropics and sub-tropics. It has proved to be an excellent source of phytonutrients and has therefore nutritional and medicinal applications for both human and animals. It is a cost-effective, easily procurable and a rich source of multi-vitamins (vitamin A, B and C), proteins, calcium, potassium and possess a unique combination of zeatin, quercetin, sitosterol, kaempferol and caffeoylquinic acid. The unopened floral buds, immature pods and leaves are used for various culinary preparations worldwide. Every part of this tree possesses some or the other nutritional and medicinal property. It is a reservoir of dietary supplements and act as cardiac and circulatory stimulant with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antiepileptic, antitumor, anticancer, diuretic, antihypertensive, antispasmodic, hypocholestemic, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiulcer and hepatoprotective properties.
Moringa yields at least four different edible parts viz., pods, leaves, flowers, and seeds. Moringa leaves are the excellent source of protein, β-carotene, vitamins, A, B, C and E, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, folic acid, pyridoxine, amino acids, minerals and various phenolic compounds, phytochemicals, and omega 3 and 6 fatty acids. The leaves of moringa are rich in palmitic and linolenic acids whereas the seeds are predominated by oleic acid.
A single Moringa tree can provide leaf as a source of nutrition for human and livestock, seed-oil for cooking and biodiesel, seedcake for water purification and wood to build shelter. Every part of this tree is edible and the leaves, roots, seeds, rootbark, stem bark and pods have medicinal properties. The unopened flowers are eaten as vegetable or used to make tea which provides adequate amounts of calcium and potassium. The young pods are also used in various culinary preparations and pickles. Moringa was highly valued in the ancient world. The history of Moringa dates to 150 B.C. which reveals that the ancient kings and queens preferred Moringa leaves and fruit in their diet to sustain mental alertness and healthy skin. The ancient Maurian warriors of India were fed with Moringa leaf extract in the warfront. The elixir-drink was assumed to add them extra vigour and relieve them of the trauma incurred during war
Medicinal & Nutritional properties
Moringa oleifera is known for long time as an important nutritional supplement with a range of medicinal properties. According to India’s ancient tradition of Ayurveda, the leaves of the Moringa tree prevent 300 diseases.
Moringa oleifera leaves works as antioxidant which adds one more attribute to its known pharmacological importance. The fresh leaves can be rubbed against the temple to relieve headaches or applied as a poultice on shallow cuts to stop bleeding. Moringa leaf tea heals gastric ulcers and diarrhoea. Leaves treat fevers, bronchitis, eye and ear infections, and inflammation of the mucus membrane. The iron content of the leaves is high, and they are reportedly prescribed to overcome anaemia. It’s proved by research work that Moringa oleifera leaves extract is good to regulate the hyperthyroidism , antineoplastic agent to treat Sickle cell disease and antiulcer agent It works as hypocholesterolaemia agent in obese patients , antiproliferation and induction of apoptosis on human cancer cell and was supported the study of Suphachai, (2014) which provided evidence that Moringa oleifera leaves possess chemo preventive and cytotoxic properties. Therefore, it might prove beneficial as an alternative to anticancer drugs. The potential benefits of using the aqueous extract of Moringa oleifera leaves as a potent antidiabetic treatment. As per the recommendation by the World Health Organization (WHO) 1–4 gram/day of Moringa leaf-powder is enough to meet the nutritional demands of an adult.
Moringa is a super food tree with a remarkable source of proteins, calcium (Ca), Iron (Fe) and vitamin C. It contains all the essential nutritional elements that are vital for human beings and livestock. It has been demonstrated that the dry leaves of M. oleifera contain 7 times more vitamin C than orange, 10 times vitamin A than carrot, 17 times calcium than milk, 15 times potassium than bananas, 25 times iron than spinach and 9 times proteins than yogurt. In addition, it contains vitamin B, chromium, copper, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, and zinc. Being a rich source of proteins Moringa leaves are recommended by doctors, nutritionists, and community health workers to cope with the problems of malnutrition worldwide. Due to these assets, there are several Moringa supplements now available in the market. Moringa contains 40.139 mg total carotenoids /100g fresh leaves, of which 47.8% (18.9 mg/100g) is β-carotene, which is adequate for the dietary requirements of children, adults and lactating mothers Moreover, 100g of the dried leaves contain 660 mg ascorbic acid, 28.2 mg iron, 2,003 mg calcium, 630 mg phosphorus, 1,120 mg oxalic acid and 0.9 g fibre. Studies on Moringa has revealed its potential to combat vitamin A and other micronutrient deficiencies. Moringa leaves also possess amazingly higher methionine + cysteine (43.6 g kg-1 protein) contents which are like that of human milk, cow’s milk, and chicken egg. Makkar and Becker (1997) studied the nutritional status of different parts of Moringa plant. They analysed that the leaves contained 260 g kg-1 crude protein while soft twigs and stems contain 70 g kg-1 and 60 g kg-1 crude protein, respectively. The degradation ability of crude protein in rumen per 24 h was about 64, 79 and 67% of the total dry matter present in the leaves, twigs, and stems, respectively. No trypsin, lectins and amylase inhibitors, cyanogenic glucosides and glucosinolates were found in leaves but, a negligible amount of tannins i.e., 12 g kg-1 was observed. In comparison to soybean leaves, Moringa leaves contain higher amount of essential amino acids which fulfils the optimal standardized requirements of World Health Organization (WHO).
Moringa leaves have high percentage of antioxidants (260 mg/ 100 g) along with polyphenol contents (260 mg/100g), quercetin (100 mg/100 g), kaempferol (34 mg/100 g) and β-carotene (34 mg/100 g). Arabshahi et al., 2007 compared the leaf antioxidant activity of Moringa oleifera, Mentha spicata and tubers of Daucus carota based on oxidation of linoleic acid and sunflower oil. It was observed that Moringa leaves had highest antioxidant activity of 83% and 44% under both lipid systems, respectively. A similar study reported that Moringa leaves possess superior antioxidant activity than amla (Emblica officianalis) and rasins (Vitis vinifera) which are themselves reputed natural source of antioxidants.
Mature Moringa leaves are more nutritious than young ones which showed minimum losses after drying. Moringa-fodder possesses high nutritional value with 22.8% crude protein, 30.8% neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and 22.8% acid detergent fibre (ADF). The seeds are also rich in crude protein, crude fat, carbohydrate, and ash, at a concentration of 332.5 g kg-1, 412.0 g kg-1, 211.2 g kg-1 and 44.3 g kg-1, respectively. In a nut-shell M. oleifera leaves meal are good feed sources for hens, broiler chickens, livestock, fish, rabbits etc.
Moringa flowers contain sucrose, D-glucose nine amino acids, alkaloid, wax, and are rich in calcium, potassium, and a few flavonoids. Consumption of flower juice improves the quality and flow of milk in feeding-mothers. Moringa Flower contains pterogospermin, an antibiotic that is highly effective in the treatment of cholera. They are also a rich source of quercetin, a reputed flavonoid with hepatoprotective activity. The flowers are used as a tonic and diuretic and are a fine source of pollen for honeybees. The flowers have the ability to cure muscle diseases, inflammations, tumours, and enlarged spleen and decrease cholesterol, phospholipid and triglyceride. Moringa tea has both nutritional and medicinal benefits. In some countries Moringa flower tea is preferred as a powerful cold remedy, or to treat a sore throat. The flowers may act as abortifacient and must not be used in pregnancy. Excess eating of flowers generates laxative effect on the body. The extracts of the flowers contain D-glucose and D-mannose in the ratio of 5:1 along with proteins and ascorbic acid. They also contain polysaccharides which on hydrolysis give D-glucuronic acid, D-glucose, and D-galactose in a molar ratio of 0.9: 1:1.9.
The Moringa fruits are rich in minerals, protein, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin A and C. They are eaten as a nutritious vegetable either cooked or pickled. The raw pods act as a de-wormer and cures liver and spleen problems and joint pains. Due to high protein and fibre content they can play a useful part in treating malnutrition and diarrhoea. The pods possess antihypertensive property which can be attributed to the presence of Thiocarbamate and isothiocyanate glycoside present in them. It is also reported that Moringa fruits have the ability to reduce the serum cholesterol, phospholipid, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein (LDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), and cholesterol- phospholipid ratio The pods contain nitriles, isothiocyanate compound, thiocarbamates, β-sitosterol, o-[2'-hydroxy-3'-(2'’-heptenyloxy)]-propylundecanoate, o-ethyl-4-[(α-1-rhamnosyloxy)-benzyl] carbamate and methylp- hydroxybenzoate. The mucilage from pods contains sugars (galactose, dextrose, xylose) and minerals (sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium) salts of glucouronic acid. The mature seeds contain 211.2 g carbohydrate, 412.0 g crude fat, 332.5g crude protein, and 44.3 g ash per kilogram dry matter.
Moringa seeds are considered to be antipyretic and also reported to have some antimicrobial activity. The seeds can be consumed fresh, roasted, or pressed into sweet oil, commercially branded as ‘ben-oil’. Due to their antibiotic and anti-inflammatory properties they are used to treat boils, arthritis, rheumatism, gout, cramp, and sexually transmitted diseases. The seeds are roasted, crushed, mixed with coconut oil, and applied to the affected area. Seed oil also has the same effect as seed powder. Sutherland et al., (1990) reported that Moringa seeds inhibits the replication of bacteriophages. Roasted seeds and oil are diuretic and can also be used as a relaxant for epilepsy. The seeds contain the potent antibiotic and fungicide ‘pterygospermin’ and are effective against skin-infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The seeds are also used as a sexual virility drug for treating erectile dysfunction in men and in women for prolonging sexual activity. Ben-oil is used for treatment of scurvy, hysteria, prostate and stomach disorders.
There is a well-studied isothiocyanate called sulforaphane, that may offer insight into how the isothiocyanate in moringa operates. This moringa-based isothiocyanate called moringin available in moringa seeds is not well-studied yet, but it may possess similar properties to the isothiocyanates found in other vegetables. The moringa plant also has such a precursor, converted to the isothiocyanate moringin that acts in a similar way as sulforaphane to the extent that comparisons have been made (Borgonovo, Leone, Battezzati, Bertoli, and Mazzini, 2020). For now, since isothiocyanates are chemically related, and seem to act in very similar ways on biological systems, we can infer health benefits of moringin from studies on sulforaphane.
As time and research unfolds, we may see similar results with moringin, as with sulforaphane, which appears to help prevent certain types of lung damage in very limited tests and very specific disease models (Sun, Niu, Wu, and Shan, 2018). Again, there is no direct link to COVID-19, and much research still needs to be done on moringin.
Science behind the isothiocyanate sulforaphane has positive implications for immunity. While morginin has not been studied in nearly the same detail as sulforaphane, these two phytonutrient isothiocyanates share many similarities in laboratory and other model systems.
Moringa seed contains appreciable quantity of oil, popularly known as ‘Ben-Oil’ in dehulled and shelled seeds (25–42.5%), respectively, depending on the extraction methods (ethanol, methanol, or acetone), soil-type and environment conditions. This oil is used in lubricants, perfume industry and cooking purposes. It has an appreciable shelf life hence avoids rusting and oil sticking in machines. It contains 0.5–3% free fatty acids, approximately 13% saturated and 82% unsaturated fatty acids. The oils rich in unsaturated fatty acids like oleic acids are more acceptable as these are more stable against oxidative rancidity and ensures low risks of coronary diseases. Normally, the vegetable oils contain 40% oleic acid contents, while ben-oil has a tremendous concentration of oleic acid of 70 to 75% depending on climate and genetic variation which is comparable with olive, canola, sunflower and safflower oils.
Moringa cultivation with MOMAX3 Moringa seed variety on one-hectare land yields ~5–9000 kg of seeds which ultimately yields ~3–4000 kg oil, while 3000 kg soybean seed yields 600 kg oil which is approximately 30% far less than ben-oil yield. The seed extract has antimicrobial properties and it is highly acceptable for perfume, hair care and cosmetics industry around the world. Like Moringa leaf meal, the seed meal (after oil extraction) being a rich source of energy/calories is used in poultry industry. Like antioxidant activity, the benoil yield and composition is also significantly affected by genetic variation, edaphic and climatic conditions. The tocopherol contents of ben-oil from saline and non-saline areas show significant difference. Soil salinity does not affect the composition, physical characteristics, and efficacy of Moringa seed oil except tocopherol contents and fatty acids. Higher concentration of tocopherol (Vitamin E) in Moringa seed oil indicates the potency and higher antioxidant activity. Because of its fat contents and highly constant oxidative stability, ben-oil is a good alternative to vegetable oil.
Moringa Business Opportunities
Therefore, in the post-COVID-19 world, there can not be a better business proposition than Moringa Business as New world shall need jobs and health security and Moringa is capable to meet out both
The cultivation of Moringa can potentially provide jobs and greater incomes for millions of agricultural workers and farmers across the developing world. Some of the main benefits of the proposed project are summarized below:
I. Local development through development of Moringa farmland and incidental infrastructure such as roads, etc.
II. Creation of local job opportunities for local farmers through construction and operation and development and running of Moringa farms and industries.
III. Increase in incomes arising from securing of work opportunities for local farmers as a result of plant construction and operation and local development, etc.
IV. Acquisition and dissemination of know-how and skills from local university agricultural departments, related agencies and consultants based on cultivation of Moringa.
Acquisition of new technology and cash income opportunities for regional farmers through dissemination of Moringa cultivation know-how and technology, etc.
Globally, demand for two particular Moringa products has been growing rapidly: the highly nutritious powder derived from the tree’s dried leaves, and the high-quality oil that can be extracted from the tree’s seeds. The former, Moringa leaf powder, is sold as a ‘super food’ in the international market for nutritional supplements. It is also increasingly the subject of interest from international organizations and institutions involved in the global fight against malnutrition. The latter, Moringa oil, is highly coveted by international pharma, beauty/cosmetic companies for its excellent properties
Moringa Plantation: Seed Varieties and know-how
About Advanced Biofuel Center
The Advanced Biofuel Center (ABC) is amongst the world leader in scientific commercialization of Moringa crop across the globe and its research findings and on-hand field experiences in respect of various technical, agronomical/silvicultural aspects of plantations of Moringa in various categories of land as well under different plantation models have resulted in significant improvements in knowledge and technical background related to productivity, profitability and sustainability of commercial production of Moringa crop.
ABC has made significant progress on its work with Moringa Oleifera, a multi-dimension tree that bears high value oilseeds. With development of a highly productive annual MOL’E and perennial MOMAX3® variety of the plant and a set of best practices that will enable high oil yields.
We have developed different cultivator and cultivation technology for Moringa farming
for leaf purpose and
for Moringa harvesting for seed oil purpose
MOL’E is the improved best variety, we have developed for Moringa cultivation for leaves and MOMAX3® the highest seed yielding variety for Moringa plantation for seeds/oil
The ABC has laid down Design Principles for a Profitable, Productive, & Sustainable Moringa Farm for production of Leaf/Seeds. Known as the gold standard in the Moringa Industry, based on research and professional experience, it has developed Moringa Cultivation & Care Practices for Leaf/Seed oil Production
ABC is transforming the Moringa Sector from concept to commercialization with its IPR knowledge, enhanced cultivar, experience, and expertise in this very technical field. We help clients improve decisions, sharpen their thinking, and drive their business forward.
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Founder and CEO
Advanced Biofuel Center